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To serve the Church among the Slavic nations of the world by assisting it to become fully equipped to fulfil the great commission of Jesus Christ

Ukraine

Background

Richly endowed in natural resources, Ukraine has been fought over and subjugated for centuries; its 20th-century struggle for liberty is not yet complete. A short-lived independence from Russia (1917-1920) was followed by brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died, and World War II, in which German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths. Although independence was attained in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched, stalling efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civic liberties.

Location

Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia

Area

603,700 sq km

Land Boundaries

Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia

Natural Resources

Iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land

Population

47 million (2011 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, other 5% [2001 census]

Religions

Orthodox 63%, Greek Catholicism 11%, Evangelicals 3.5%

Languages

Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian

Capital

Kiev

Industries

Coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food-processing (especially sugar) Agriculture Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk.

Currency

1 hryvna = 100 kopiykas