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To serve the Church among the Slavic nations of the world by assisting it to become fully equipped to fulfil the great commission of Jesus Christ

Kazakhstan

Background

During the 1950s and 1960s Soviet citizens were urged to help settle the “New Lands” of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but including some deported minority nationalities) created an ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Current issues include resolving ethnic differences; speeding up market reforms; establishing stable relations with Russia, China, and other foreign powers; and developing and expanding the country’s abundant energy resources.

Location

Central Asia, northwest of China

Area

2,717,300 sq km land boundaries China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Natural Resources

Major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium

Land Use

Arable land: 12%, permanent crops: 11%, permanent pastures: 57%, forests and woodland: 4%, other: 16% (1996 est.)

Population

16,733,227 (July 2000 est.) Ethnic Groups Kazakh (Qazaq) 46%, Russian 34.7%, Ukrainian 4.9%, German 3.1%, Uzbek 2.3%, Tatar 1.9%, other 7.1% (1996)

Religions

Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%

Languages

Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 40%, Russian (official, used in everyday business) 66%

Independence

16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Unemployment Rate

13.7% (1998 est.)

Industries

Oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulphur, iron and steel, nonferrous metal, tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials

Currency

1 Kazakhstani tenge = 100 tiyn